Category Archives: history

The transcendental material requirements for the existence of the Collegè de France

“[post modernism] a state of mind deemed possible in the west, is a luxury dependent on the state of the rest.  The post-modern experience is not on globally for those seeking bread not circuses and seeking freedom of expression and not expressive freedom.  There are transcendental material requirements for the existence of the Collegè de France and for the privileged practice of ‘playing with the pieces’.

From Archer (2013) Critical Realism in the Social Sciences in Archer et al (2013) Critical Realism, Essential Readings.

Wish I’d read this years ago when struggling with AA820 on the OU.

Hobhouse on Militarism

(1) It is of the essence of Liberalism to oppose the use of force, the basis of all tyranny.

(2) It is one of its practical necessities to withstand the tyranny of armaments. Not only may the military force be directly turned against liberty, as in Russia, but there are more subtle ways, as in Western Europe, in which the military spirit eats into free institutions and absorbs the public resources which might go to the advancement of civilisation.

(3) In proportion as the world becomes free, the use of force becomes meaningless. There is no purpose in aggression if it is not to issue in one form or another of national subjection.